The Con Goes On

Two chilling stories on Rachel last night — one about the crime and one about the cover up.  http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show#!#full-episodes

The crime or crimes are coming into focus as a complex interrelationship between Russian oligarchs and Trump business entities, whereby Trump is beholden to those oligarchs and their Russian government cronies to the tune of who knows how much; and the Russians thus have enormous access to and leverage over the President of the United States.  Not HAD — past tense:  HAVE.  The Con Goes On, folks.  The crime is not hacking the election — that was an added bonus.  The crime is the ongoing collusion between Trump and Russia that is borne of and inextricable from the President’s financial ties to the Russians.

How do we know all this? We don’t, not yet.  But there is reason to believe that the U.S. Treasury Department’s FinCen division has records that would go a long way toward building the case.  So here’s the news about the cover up:  as I predicted would happen in last week’s blog (horn-tooting, I know, but I did! http://profgrose.com/i-repeat-wheres-the-prosecutor/), the U.S. Department of Treasury appears to be “slow walking” their response to the Senate Intelligence Committee’s request for these documents.   In other words, the Executive Branch Agency, headed by Trump appointee, Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin, might be obstructing the Legislative Branch investigation into the financial dealings that took place — AND ARE TAKING PLACE STILL — between Trump and Russia.

The con is ongoing.  Our democracy is at risk of being taken over by Russian controlled American oligarchs.

So I repeat, what is the remedy?

What is the Remedy

Now that the “I” word is being bandied about without apparent fear of jinxing anything, I think it’s important to consider what we are talking about.   Here is what the Nation‘s John Nichols had to say about today’s crisis:

“Impeachment is an essential check and balance — arguably the most essential, and powerful. . . . When members of the legislative branch fail to initiate the impeachment process for reasons of political calculation of circumstantial caution, they contribute to the expansion of executive branch authority. Partisans can almost always come up with excuses for avoiding the impeachment process. But when they do, they set the stage for future abuses. In effect, they encourage the imperial presidency to become more imperial. . . .

A failure to hold Donald Trump and his lieutenants to account will, necessarily, create openings for even greater abuses by ensuing presidents. That is why the moment in which we find ourselves is far more urgent than the partisans of both parties . . . may choose to admit. But citizens should be concerned and engaged. The founding generation created the impeachment power to guard against the development of a regal presidency. The presidency we have now is dangerously regal; more authoritarian than responsive, more monarchical than democratic. This is the realization of the worst fears of Thomas Paine and the wiser of those who gathered in 1787.” http://billmoyers.com/story/tough-talk-impeachment/

Impeachment of Donald Trump might end up being necessary — to hold him accountable for his multiple efforts to interfere with the various investigations into his and his campaign’s collusion with Russia.  Obstruction of justice is what got Nixon to resign, after all; it is most certainly an impeachable offense. And if all — or even some — of the evidence we have heard about Trump’s attempts to influence, delay, shut down and otherwise obstruct the Russian investigations proves to be true, there is a strong case to be made against him for that impeachable offense.

So yes, let’s keep talking about impeaching Trump for obstruction of justice. And let’s be sure to keep talking about those who enabled and continue to enable that obstruction, and hold them accountable as well.  (I’m looking at you, Mike Pence. http://.com/story/enabling-dangerous-president-pence/.)

But unlike Watergate, the cover up here is not necessarily worse than the crime.  Impeachment for obstruction of justice gets to the first layer of the con this increasingly Imperial Presidency is perpetrating on the American people. Impeaching Trump, or even Trump and Pence, or even Trump and Pence and Sessions, punishes them for their behavior by removing them from office; and perhaps removing them from office will stanch the wound and stop the bleeding.

What is the remedy, though, for the underlying crime — that of colluding with a hostile foreign power to interfere in our democratic process? How do we fix what Trump and Russia broke when they hacked our election?  Because this con goes well beyond the few heads that will roll for obstruction of justice.  Let’s not make the mistake of thinking impeachment will do much toward making our Democracy whole again.

So yes, let’s keep talking about impeachment, and let’s cast that net as wide as we can to catch as many enablers as possible (looking at you too, Paul Ryan https://newrepublic.com/article/142761/republicans-tainted-russia-scandal-trump).

But let’s not forget that we got a Trump candidacy not because Putin put him up to it, but because our democracy was already fragile enough to fall for the con. As John Nichols warns, “we have a duty to do more than merely hold Donald Trump to account. Our duty now is to restore a proper balance to the governing of a nation that was never supposed to have an imperial president — or the threats that extend from the royal scam.” http://billmoyers.com/story/tough-talk-impeachment/.

Now is not the time to sit back and watch the show — riveting and bizarre as that show is.  We all have our parts to play.

Just the Beginning

Stuff is happening, no doubt about it.  But let’s not lose sight of just how big this crisis is for our country.  As tempting as it is to root wholeheartedly for a swift and humiliating defeat of Trump — in the form of impeachment or even criminal prosecution — we might do well to hold off until we can gather sufficient facts to identify and hold accountable as many of his co-conspirators as possible.

Depending on what is discovered by the House and Senate investigations — suddenly kicked into high gear by this week’s dramatic events — and the newly energized FBI and Justice Department investigations, under the direction of Special Counsel Mueller, we very well might be able to get rid of more than just Trump.

Just in case it becomes necessary, and also to allow us to plan our resistance accordingly, here is who would become President once Trump is impeached. (Check out 3 USC 19, a section of the U.S. Code, which was established as part of the Presidential Succession Act of 1947.)

Vice President — Mike Pence.  Given the extent of Pence’s involvement in the transition — he was its Director — and subsequent role in the Mike Flynn firing, it seems very unlikely that Pence would survive calls for his own impeachment for his entanglement in both the underlying crime — colluding with the Russians to hack the election — and the subsequent cover-up.  http://prospect.org/article/russiagate-keep-your-eye-pence

Speaker of the House of Representatives — Paul Ryan.   Though perhaps a harder case to make, evidence exists of Ryan’s own knowledge of the ongoing involvement between the Trump Campaign and the Russian hacking.  The Washington Post revealed earlier this week — in a scoop that would, under any other circumstances, have exploded on the political scene — that back in July, 2016, House Majority Leader, Kevin McCarthy shared with other Republican leaders his belief that Trump was being paid by Vladimir Putin.  Ryan interceded immediately and “instructed his Republican lieutenants to keep the conversation private, saying: ‘No leaks. . . . This is how we know we’re a real family here.'”  http://wapo.st/2pXRFxO?tid=ss_mail&utm_term=.a8d5b51deef1

That leaves us with President Orrin Hatch, the President Pro Temp of the Senate.  It remains to be seen whether he too will be sullied by the same charges of wilful ignorance if not downright collusion that his House counterparts have been.

But let’s not stop with the question of who takes over for Trump and Pence. There is plenty of evidence to lead to the dismissal of Attorney General Sessions as well, and possibly also other of Trump’s cabinet appointees.  Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, for example, has extensive ties with a Cyprus bank that is at the center of an investigation into Russian money laundering. http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow/watch/new-commerce-secretary-at-nexus-of-lucrative-trump-russian-deal-886220355575

And that’s all just based on a brief scan of the news we now know.  Who knows what more will be uncovered as these investigations move forward and continue to gain momentum?  All of which to say, the situation we are in now did not arise all on its own.  Our democracy is and has been under attack — not only by the Russians and their collaborators, but also by the gradual erosion of our own commitment to and faith in democratic governance.

Lots going on folks.  Let’s be sure we don’t cut off the snake’s head only to leave its body to regenerate and come back stronger.

Keep paying attention.

I repeat: Where’s the Prosecutor?

Here we are again:  another show of reckless disregard for our national interest, let alone security, another non-denial denial by a loyal soldier, another tweetstorm that throws aides and allies under the bus, and still no real end in sight.   All Senator Mitch McConnell, the most powerful man in Congress — one of the few people who really could move this whole thing along — could muster was, “I think we could do with a little less drama from the White House on a lot of things so that we can focus on our agenda,” https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/16/us/politics/republican-senate-mcconnell-white-house.html

Putting aside the question of what McConnell’s “agenda” actually is, let’s consider instead, the question many of us have been pondering for weeks and months:   who is going to hold Trump and his cronies accountable? http://profgrose.com/hello-is-there-a-prosecutor-in-the-house/.

Last week, Quartz published a comprehensive list of investigations into Trump’s Russia ties — check it out here: https://qz.com/980333/james-comey-fired-here-all-of-the-agencies-still-investigating-trumps-russia-ties-from-the-fbi-to-the-senate-to-the-cia/.  There are a lot of them:  both the Executive Branch and the Legislative Branch are at least nominally trying to get as much information as they can about the Trump-Russia connections.  In addition to the now infamous FBI investigation, there are also investigations underway by the CIA, the U.S. Treasury Department and the Department of Defense.  In Congress, the House and Senate Intelligence Committees each have their own investigations, as does the House Oversight Committee and the Senate Judiciary Committee.

Thanks to all of these investigations, as well as dogged investigative reporting by the Washington Post and the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal and others, the whole world has now heard, seen or read detailed, corroborated and damning evidence of collusion, deception, manipulation, mendacity and hubris. We have heard from the President’s own mouth that he fired Comey to get rid of the Russia probe.  We have read from his own Twitter account that he knowingly revealed highly classified information to the Russian Ambassador and Foreign Minister.

And there is plenty of reason to believe that all of what we know is just the tip of the iceberg.  Subpoenas have been issued and documents requested.  People have for months been saying to follow the money, and now the Senate and the Treasury Department seem to be doing just that. http://www.npr.org/2017/05/15/528486988/investigators-looking-into-trump-campaigns-russia-ties-follow-the-money.

But all of this investigation gets us only so far. Who or what is going to hold Trump and his confederates accountable for what we are now learning about? Remember, in our system of government, while both Congress and the Executive Branch have investigatory power, only the Executive Branch has the power to prosecute.  http://profgrose.com/hello-is-there-a-prosecutor-in-the-house/

Take the FBI investigation, for example:  while the acting FBI director Andrew McCabe told Congress last week that he had “sufficient funds and manpower to ensure a thorough investigation,” http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/fbis-russia-investigation/story?id=47346117, it is hard to imagine Trump naming someone to replace Comey who will maintain that level of funds and manpower.  Why bother firing Comey in the first place?

The same holds for the Treasury Department and Defense Department investigations.  Those investigations will presumably continue to consume more and more resources and command more and more involvement by increasingly senior members of the agencies.  It’s only a matter of time — if it hasn’t happened already — before some of Trump’s political appointees find themselves having to decide how to proceed with aspects of these investigations.  What is likely to happen then, in, say, the Treasury Department? Is Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin likely to pursue the investigation with no thought of loyalty or payback to Trump? And if he does, what are the chances that Trump will decide to fire him too? I’d say pretty high.

But let’s say the investigations somehow do continue to their natural next phase and it comes time to refer them to the Justice Department for prosecution, what then? Jeff Sessions, the current Attorney General, has “recused” himself from all aspects of the Trump-Russia probe — though what that recusal actually means is anybody’s guess, given Sessions’ role in the firing of Comey. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/watchdog-group-alleges-sessions-violated-recusal-rule-in-firing-of-comey/2017/05/12/f30370da-374d-11e7-b412-62beef8121f7_story.html

So will Rod Rosenstein, the Deputy Attorney General who has stepped in for Sessions on these matters, refer the FBI or Treasury investigations to a U.S. Attorney for further investigation and prosecution? And if he did, are there any U.S. Attorneys left to engage in such a prosecution?  http://www.salon.com/2017/04/19/justice-department-logjam-jeff-sessions-still-hasnt-replaced-fired-obama-era-u-s-attorneys/

The same holds true for the congressional investigations.  Much has been made of the fact that the Senate has subpoenaed Michael Flynn to turnover documents to the Senate.  But what happens if Flynn refuses to cooperate — which seems likely, says his lawyer, without “assurances against unfair prosecution.”  http://www.cnn.com/2017/03/31/politics/michael-flynn-lawyer-statement/.  Then Senate leaders would have to decide whether to vote to hold him in contempt — which, given McConnell’s desire for “less drama” seems unlikely, to say the least. But even if the Senate were to hold Flynn — or any other witness, for that matter — in contempt, the matter then would go to the Justice Department for a decision about whether to file criminal charges.  http://www.politico.com/story/2017/05/15/flynn-senate-subpoena-russia-trump-238404.   And that decision would have to be made by, you guessed it, the Attorney General’s office.

We have three branches of government.  The investigatory power of the Executive and Legislative Branches seems to be starting to gain some steam — though in fits and starts to be sure, and certainly with no promise of sustained momentum.  It is essential that we keep up the pressure on all the relevant players in those investigations — House, Senate, Democrats, Republicans — letting them know that we care about this stuff, that we want to get to some understanding of the scope of this national crisis.

But that’s not all.  The prosecutorial and enforcement powers of our government remain shackled for any number of reasons — blind loyalty, fear of retribution, cynical self-interest, loyalty to another government, who knows? Whether for stupid or nefarious reasons, the people who could be moving these matters along are choosing not to.

In a much anticipated and discussed episode of Saturday Night Live, Mikey Day appears as subservient Paul Ryan in kitchen garb, serving Alec Baldwin’s Trump two scoops of ice cream.  http://www.vanityfair.com/hollywood/2017/05/saturday-night-live-melissa-mccarthy-alec-baldwin-donald-trump-paul-ryan.  In MaddowBlog the next day, Steve Benen wrote:  “The risk for Ryan isn’t limited to the mockery we saw on Saturday night. It also includes historical ignominy for the ages – he’ll be remembered as the Speaker who cravenly looked the other way in the face of a serious presidential scandal – and an electoral backlash, as Americans take stock of who enabled Trump’s offenses and who stood on principle. http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/paul-ryan-carries-fig-leaf-the-emperor-no-clothes?cid=eml_mra_20170515

Indeed.  Nobody knows how or when this will end.  And it looks like we common folk, who have been standing along the parade route screaming and pointing for months now, are going to have to be the ones to take this naked Emperor and his Henchmen down.

Keep paying attention.

We Were Born for this Time

I just got back from what my spouse calls “Band Camp” — my annual long weekend with the almost 800 other lawyers, law professors, students and administrators who participate in the Association of American Law Schools’ Conference on Clinical Legal Education.  The conference is always exhilarating and exhausting as we all simultaneously try to relax and be inspired to work harder.  This year was no different.  So I am home now, exhausted and exhilarated and also deeply sad.

The news of Comey’s firing came just as I got off the plane from Denver.  I stopped dead in my tracks in the middle of the airport concourse, forcing my fellow travelers to veer suddenly off their own paths to avoid me — behavior I find absolutely unforgivable when others do it and I have to veer to avoid them.  I simultaneously looked around for my people — the exhausted and exhilarated fellow resisters I had spent the last four days with — I needed to grab on to someone, something, to stop the spinning.  But we have all dispersed now back to our own back yards to continue our own work here.  So I had to find virtual hands to grab hold of.

I shared a dais with Professor Bill Quigley from Loyola University College of Law in New Orleans in a program called, “Building Our Collective Response and Vision of Social Justice in Tumultuous Times.” He closed the session with the following quote from Louisiana indigenous rights activist, Cherri Foytlin, adding the last line himself:

“Fear no evil.  Joy and Love still live, and it is up to us to build the shelter for the Hope that they provide.  Lower those pointed fingers, we will need them to grasp the hammer and forge the nails.  Do not give in to your righteous anxieties.  Our heroes have never left us.  All the good that ever was, it is still here.  You were born for this time.  WE were born for this time.”

I grabbed hold of that with one hand.  And with the other, a paraphrasing of Fredrick Buechner, shared with the members of a small working group I was part of, by Professor Jean Koh Peters from Yale Law School:  Vocation is the place where your deep gladness meets the world’s deep hunger.

Part of my deep gladness is the work I do with all of you passionate, joyful, exhausted and exhilarated fellow resisters — from Band Camp and beyond.  And I believe that the work we do together does in fact meet at least some of the world’s deep hunger.

I will write much more in the days and weeks ahead, and we all have to keep paying attention.  But for now I am choosing not to give in to my righteous anxieties and instead to keep harboring the joy and love and goodness that bubbles up from all of us as we hold the hammers and forge the nails.

Thank you.

Autocracy Alert?

I’ve been thinking a lot about one of the accomplishments touted by Gary Bauer’s “American Values” newsletter that I wrote about on Monday:  84. Supported English as official language by dropping Spanish version of the White House website.  http://profgrose.com/opposition-research/.

Why has this particular “accomplishment” stuck in my craw? A few reasons.

First, it is not clear what this “accomplishment” actually is.  In the days following the inauguration, the L.A. Times and Washington Post and a couple of other outlets did run items describing the removal of the Spanish version of whitehouse.gov, as did Fox News; but the gist of the stories was that this was part of a general overhaul of the web page, and not meant to signal any particular policy shift.  Indeed, the L.A. Times subsequently reported, on January 31st, that a White House aide had promised that the Spanish version of the web site would soon be up and running, http://www.latimes.com/politics/washington/la-na-trailguide-updates-white-house-promises-website-will-1485272911-htmlstory.html; and the conservative Daily Caller ran a piece describing the removal of the Spanish content from the website a “non-story.” http://dailycaller.com/2017/01/24/the-white-houses-missing-spanish-website-is-a-non-story/.

So, nothing to see here folks? There is no Spanish language version of whitehouse.gov, but that’s only a logistical thing — give us a minute, we just need to “build up” the website.  We saw a similar reaction to the uproar over other more high profile removal of information — e.g. all mention of LGBTQ policies; all climate change information (which is also touted as an “accomplishment,” by the way); information about civil rights and health care regulations.  Administration spokespeople provided some combination of “He’s the new president, he can shape the website to reflect his priorities” and “give us a break, we’re new here.” http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/white-house-removes-lgbt-climate-change-spanish-webpages-article-1.2954157.

Well we are now 100 days in and there is indeed no Spanish version of whitehouse.gov.  And Trump’s supporters are claiming that fact as an “accomplishment” of his first 100 days.  Huh.  I am reminded of that fun game the editors of Foreign Affairs suggested we play:  stupid or nefarious?  Is this just an example of one of the many many many logistical and administrative tasks that this Administration just can’t seem to handle? Did it really just fall through the cracks and now the Trump folks are trying to turn it into lemonade by claiming it as a victory for the English only lobby?  In which case, stupid.  Nothing venal or dangerous, just stupid.

That’s where I left things on Monday, after I posted the blog.  But the second reason this particular “accomplishment” worries me is that even if the original removal and failure to replace was a stupid oversight, the fact that Gary Bauer and his ilk are touting it as an accomplishment actually suggests that it is more than stupid — that it is, indeed, nefarious.

There is no question that the removal of the Spanish version of whitehouse.gov further marginalizes and isolates people of color and immigrants by literally denying them access to information about the Executive Branch.  So that’s one point for nefarious.

There is also no question that this Administration’s lack of transparency is becoming one of its hallmarks:  no release of tax returns, no release of materials related to the hiring and firing of Michael Flynn, no printouts of Trump’s calls with foreign leaders, etc.  Removing the Spanish version of the White House website with no explanation and no replacement furthers the Administration’s apparent goal to reduce transparency even more.  So that’s two points for nefarious.

But there is something else — something more amorphous.  As I looked through the list of 100 “accomplishments” this one just jumped out as odd.  It’s odd because it’s really nothing? It’s odd because it may be something? It’s odd because I don’t know what it is.  And that’s why I’m writing about it.  I am going to start playing a new game I’m calling, “Autocracy Alert?” Here’s how it works:  when you notice something odd, ask yourself these questions: who benefits by this action; who is hurt by this action; what is the purported reason for the action; does the reason make sense?

Lots is being written about the assault on our fragile democracy, and we need to try to get our arms around all fronts of that assault.  Trump and his inner circle operate largely in the shadows, largely without oversight, and largely, therefore, with no accountability.  When they do something that doesn’t make sense, whose explanation doesn’t fit, that benefits them and hurts a large swath of the American people, that something may very well be part of the assault on our fragile democracy.  Play “Autocracy Alert?” with me, friends, as we try to keep this thing from slipping out of our grasp.

Opposition Research

Thanks to one of my dogged investigators, I am able to share with you all what Gary Bauer’s “American Values” newsletter sent out in celebration of Trump’s first 100 days.  https://www.ouramericanvalues.org/

There is so much to say about what follows — not least of which is how really thin the list of accomplishments actually is.  And this is written by and for the diehard base.  I also love how the first 17 “accomplishments” is just a list of names of people Trump what? Nominated? Appointed? Discovered? And check out Ben Carson’s qualifications for his post as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development — “a brain surgeon from a humble background.”

Take special note of the “sources” for these “accomplishments” — the White House itself, and usual suspects Fox News, Breitbart, etc.  Needless to say, most, if not all, of this list should be run through a stiff regimen of fact-checking and truth serum.  If you have the stomach for such things, be my guest.  I certainly do not.

There are a couple of things snuck in that I had missed in these last oh my god has it really only been three months — dropping the Spanish language version of the White House website, for example.  Really.  That’s not nothing.  Despite how vacuous these “accomplishments” might seem, we really do have to keep paying attention.

And now, enjoy:

As the Trump/Pence Administration approaches its 100-day mark we have put together the following list highlighting some of President Trump’s most significant accomplishments.

Please share this list with friends and family members.

1. Vice President Mike Pence.
2. Justice Neil Gorsuch, an originalist committed to the Constitution.
3. Attorney General Jeff Sessions, a conservative committed to the rule of law.
4. Defense Secretary James Mattis, a warrior committed to restoring America’s military.
5. Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly, a former general committed to border security.
6. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, a former CEO who understands how the real world works.
7. Housing and Urban Development Secretary Ben Carson, a brain surgeon from a humble background.
8. Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price, a doctor who understands health care.
9. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, an advocate of school choice and educational reform.
10. Energy Secretary Rick Perry, a former governor who knows the energy industry.
11. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, a former CEO who understands the business world.
12. EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt, a conservative committed to reining in big government.
13. U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley, a fearless advocate for American values.
14. U.S. Ambassador to Israel David Friedman, a true fried of Israel.
15. White House Chief Strategist Steve Bannon, a conservative warrior against crony capitalism.
16. National Security Adviser Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster, an accomplished military commander.
17. White House Counterterrorism Adviser Sebastian Gorka, committed to defeating radical Islam.
18. Restored the U.S. alliance with Israel.
19. Welcomed Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to the White House.
20. Restored U.S. leadership in the world.
21. Enforced red lines against the use of chemical weapons in Syria.
22. Dropped MOAB bomb on ISIS; sending a clear message to Iran and North Korea.
23. Secured Chinese cooperating in pressuring North Korea.
24. Secured release of Aya Hijazi, American charity worker held in Egypt since 2014.
25. Imposed a five-year ban on lobbying the government by former White House officials.
26. Imposed a lifetime ban on lobbying for foreign governments by former White House officials.
27. Repeatedly called out the liberal media for “fake news.”
28. Repealed mandate that forced states to fund Planned Parenthood.
29. Signed executive order reinstating Reagan policy against taxpayer funding of overseas abortions.
30. Stopped U.S. funding to the United Nations Population Fund, which promotes abortions.
31. Signed executive order establishing “extreme vetting.”
32. Signed executive order demanding a comprehensive plan to defeat ISIS.
33. Signed executive order calling for construction of border wall and 5,000 border agents.
34. Signed executive order directing Justice Department to cut funding to sanctuary cities.
35. Signed executive order initiating a temporary federal hiring freeze.
36. Signed executive order withdrawing from the Transpacific Partnership trade deal.
37. Signed executive order relaxing enforcement of Obamacare to greatest extent possible.
38. Signed executive order requiring two regulations be repealed for every new one issued.
39. Signed executive order requiring comprehensive approach to illegal immigration and crime.
40. Signed executive order seeking increased penalties for crimes against police.
41. Signed executive order promoting energy independence.
42. Signed executive order putting American companies and workers first.
43. Signed executive order mandating review of federal regulations in education.
44. Signed executive order investigating national security impact of foreign steel imports.
45. Signed executive order requiring an audit of executive branch agencies.
46. Signed executive order requiring every agency create a regulatory reform task force.
47. Signed executive order rolling back Obama environmental infringements on private property.
48. Signed executive order to prevent future taxpayer-funded bailouts.
49. Signed executive order to reverse Obama restrictions on offshore energy development.
50. Signed executive order calling for a major review of national monument designations on federal lands.
51. Signed executive order establishing a new office to reform the Veterans Administration bureaucracy.
52. Signed executive order to address concerns of Rural America.
53. Signed executive order establishing White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities.
54. Signed executive order creating a commission on drug addiction and the opioid crisis.
55. Signed executive order to combat transnational criminal organizations and international trafficking.
56. Repealed transgender public school bathroom mandate.
57. Repealed “Stream Protection Rule” that hurt coal industry.
58. Repealed Social Security Administration (SSA) gun ban.
59. Repealed Labor Department “blacklisting” rule with $500 million in regulatory costs.
60. Repealed Interior Department rule that restricted state and local authority in land use decisions.
61. Repealed unfunded education mandate that created new standards for teachers.
62. Repealed education rule that undermined state and local control.
63. Repealed regulation that prevented drug testing for unemployment compensation.
64. Repealed rule that banned some hunting in Alaska.
65. Repealed regulation that created vastly more paperwork and reporting of worker injuries.
66. Repealed regulations on Internet Service Providers.
67. Repealed rule that allowed states to force workers into government-run savings plans.
68. Repealed Dodd-Frank regulations that disadvantaged domestic companies.
69. Imposed sanctions on Iran for its ballistic missile violations.
70. Imposed sanctions on Iran for human rights violations.
71. Ordered a review of the Iranian nuclear deal.
72. Produced a budget that cut $54 billion from bloated federal bureaucracies.
73. Produced a budget that would eliminate 50 programs and more than 3,000 federal jobs.
74. Produced a budget that boosted spending for defense, homeland security and veterans.
75. Produced a tax reform plan that simplifies the tax code and reduces taxes for businesses and families.
76. Approved construction of the Keystone XL pipeline.
77. Approved construction of the Dakota Access pipeline.
78. Shutdown illegal immigrant advocacy program at Department of Justice.
79. Established Victims of Immigration Crime Engagement (VOICE) office.
80. Reduced illegal immigration at the border by 61%.
81. Called for “major investigation” of voter fraud led by Vice President Mike Pence.
82. Called for repeal of the Johnson Amendment, which limits free speech of pastors and churches.
83. Called for 50% cut in funding to the United Nations.
84. Supported English as official language by dropping Spanish version of the White House website.
85. Purged “climate change” alarmism from White House website.
86. Returned bust of Winston Churchill to the Oval Office.
87. Succeeded in getting NATO nations to boost defense spending by $10 billion.
88. Halted $180 billion in regulations.
89. Signed legislation expanding private healthcare options for veterans.
90. Relaxed Rules of Engagement in the fight against ISIS.
91. Imposed sanctions on Venezuelan vice president for international drug trafficking.
92. Consumer confidence highest in 17 years.
93. Small business confidence highest in 11 years.
94. Stock market is up 10% since inauguration, up 15% since election.
95. Exxon Mobil announced $20 billion/45,000 job expansion in U.S.
96. Charter Communications announced $25 billion expansion, creating 20,000 jobs in U.S.
97. Accenture announced $1.4 billion expansion, creating 15,000 jobs in U.S.
98. Intel announced $7 billion expansion, creating 10,000 jobs in the U.S.
99. Ordered renegotiation of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Canada and Mexico.
100. Named former Congressman Scott Garrett, an outspoken critic of the Export-Import Bank to the bank’s Board of Directors.

SOURCES: Whitehouse.gov Presidential Actions Breitbart Fox News The Daily Caller The Washington Examiner CNBC